Women in the healthcare industry (2023)


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How does the healthcare sector stack up on gender equality? To answer that question, we look at pipeline practices, employee experiences, and policies and programs the industry has implemented to promote diversity and inclusion. We also hear from industry leaders on what it takes to accelerate change across the sector.

Women, especially women of color, remain underrepresented in leadership positions, and not only at the highest levels.

Our research for Women in the Workplace, a collaborative initiative between Lean In and McKinsey, attempts to create a definitive fact base on women’s advancement in leadership. In addition to the 33 healthcare companies for which we have pipeline data, we surveyed more than 10,848 employees at 11 healthcare companies and interviewed ten senior executives in North America. Although the data are based on North American research, we believe the insights and implications are relevant globally.

From this research, healthcare appears to be one of the best industries for working women on several dimensions. A broad industry that includes drug and medical-device manufacturers, as well as service providers and payers, healthcare surpasses other industries in female representation. Women hold executive management positions at the highest levels, including Emma Walmsley (CEO of GlaxoSmithKline and the first woman to lead a global pharma company), Gail K. Boudreaux (president and CEO of Anthem), and Laura N. Dietch (president and CEO of BioTrace). There are also many examples of women in healthcare gaining worldwide recognition for their achievements, such as Frances H. Arnold, who in 2018 became the fifth woman to win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Women are the primary consumers and decision makers in the healthcare market, and they make up almost 50 percent of the workforce: much of their advancement and leadership in the field rests on those facts.

That said, women, especially women of color, remain underrepresented in leadership positions, and not only at the highest levels. There remain challenges to address in hiring, advancement, and day-to-day experiences that could promote a more flexible and inclusive working culture.

Part 1

Many reasons to celebrate

There are good reasons to believe the healthcare industry is one of the best for women. For example, women are better represented at all levels than in other sectors, are promoted at similar rates to men, and report similar career satisfaction. We highlight several reasons to celebrate the sector’s progress on diversity below.

Better representation at all levels

Over 60 percent of employees entering the healthcare industry are women, while across sectors in the United States, women represent an average of just under 50 percent of entry-level employees (Exhibit 1).

Women in the healthcare industry (1)
(Video) Women in Healthcare Technology: a Tool for Transformative Change | Nupur Dr. Kohli | TEDxESCPLondon

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Healthcare’s many subsegments are a natural draw for the 50 percent of STEM graduates 1 that are women, affording them the opportunity of a career in an industry with a variety of technical disciplines such as medicine, science, engineering, technology, business, operations, and even design. Also, nurses are more than 80 percent women 2 and they comprise a large part of the workforce in healthcare provider and payer organizations in the United States.

Clinical outcomes correlate to a diverse workforce; in cardiac care, for example, women treated by female doctors are more likely to survive a heart attack than women treated by male doctors.

In the provider subsector (including hospitals, health systems, and physician practices), gender diversity is especially important because women represent a significant patient population. For example, approximately 57 percent of patients who visit emergency departments are women—and a majority of those are women of color. Clinical outcomes correlate to a diverse workforce; in cardiac care, for example, women treated by female doctors are more likely to survive a heart attack than women treated by male doctors; and male doctors are more effective at treating heart attacks when they work in hospitals with more female doctors.[[footnote 3]] 4

In the pharma, biotech, and device subsectors, gender diversity is especially important in composing the development and marketing teams for therapies and solutions to treat conditions that disproportionately affect women—enabling companies to more authentically and responsibly market to female patients.

Getting promoted and advancing in senior roles

When comparing the rate of promotions between men and women across industries, the healthcare industry performs better than average, with relatively low gaps across the board (Exhibit 2). For example, in the critical first promotion to manager, healthcare outperforms almost all other sectors.

Women in the healthcare industry (2)

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Negotiating and achieving more when asking for raises

Both women and men report asking for raises at the same rates, but women in healthcare say they are slightly more successful in achieving positive outcomes (Exhibit 3). Women can do (and are doing) more actionable things to change the status quo, including negotiating with their employers for higher salaries. As one executive leading a global business unit (BU) in an international top ten pharma company said, “[With] every woman I talk to who is in the midpoint of her range, [I tell her] you need to go and say, ‘With my delivery and results, I need to be on the other side of that midpoint.’ It is simple math ... I see a lot of women uncomfortable with this, but as one steps up and has success, the next does it.”

Women in the healthcare industry (3)

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Greater career satisfaction

On average, women in healthcare report high satisfaction with their careers (75 percent versus 71 percent of men) (Exhibit 4). They find opportunities aligned with their passions and can adapt their careers over time.

Women in the healthcare industry (4)

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As the strategy lead at a large biotech firm we interviewed said, “People come [into the healthcare industry] because they really care—and these people are disproportionately female.” As a global executive most recently working in healthcare information solutions observed, “Women can get into healthcare, stay there for many years, and have a variety of experiences. I took a lot of different twists and turns—most where I had enough technical and leadership expertise to move to a different role. I moved from analytics into an operational role leveraging leadership where I didn’t have technical skills. Another time, I took a combined technical and leadership skill to create a portfolio-management role that didn’t exist. Sometimes people asked me [to take on roles], others I went after. And I have been in the industry very satisfied for a long time.”

(Video) Closing the Gap: Addressing Gender Inequities in Healthcare

Part 2

Critical challenges to address

While there is a lot to celebrate and most employees see diversity as a priority, examining the representation of women across different levels indicate that healthcare still faces challenges in sustaining a diverse workforce.

As in other sectors, the proportion of women in the healthcare industry decreases as the responsibility level of the job rises (Exhibit 5). The share of white women in entry-level positions is 41 percent compared to 26 percent at the C-suite level. This decline is particularly steep for white women at more senior levels (such as VP, SVP, and C-suite) due to the glass ceiling that seems to exist between senior manager/director and VP levels.

Women in the healthcare industry (5)

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The share of women of color drops off even more, with 22 percent holding entry-level jobs and just 4 percent working at the C-suite level. Declines in representation for women of color span all levels of employment. The glass ceiling for women of color starts at the first promotion to manager.

There are three emerging problems that lead to representation decline in healthcare: structural challenges (such as hiring and advancement practices), institutional barriers allowing underlying biases to persist, and impact of the daily work environment not promoting an inclusive and supportive experience for all employees.

While our research indicates that lack of ambition cannot explain the leakiness of the talent pipeline for women, there are three emerging problems that lead to representation decline in healthcare: structural challenges (such as hiring and advancement practices), institutional barriers allowing underlying biases to persist, and impact of the daily work environment not promoting an inclusive and supportive experience for all employees. Companies need to better understand and address these key challenges in order to promote diversity.

While the study did not find specific reasons to explain why women of color lag further behind, our research suggests all the factors that apply to women generally—such as unequal promotions and microaggressions—are amplified for women of color, and are likely contributing factors in the healthcare industry as well.

Structural challenges hold women back

There are a few structural challenges companies need to address to promote diversity: constrained advancement opportunities and lack of sponsorship, and limited pool for external hiring.

While women occupy a large share of entry-level line roles, that declines rapidly at more senior levels due to advancement opportunities. At entry level, women make up 63 percent of line roles; at the C-suite level, women comprise 29 percent of line roles (Exhibit 6). This imbalance is worrisome because line roles carry material financial and profits-and-losses responsibilities and lead to more CEO roles, whereas nonline roles tend to be more support-function related, consultative, and project-management oriented. While this trend holds for virtually all sectors, healthcare has some additional career structures and advancement practices that can box women into nonline roles. For providers, a large proportion of entry-level hires are female nurses, and nursing is a career path that often ends at the nursing-director level with few additional senior roles. For biotech, the decline sometimes comes down to women leaving senior-manager roles for senior positions at larger pharmaceutical companies where there are a broader set of opportunities given these companies’ global remit and scale.

Women in the healthcare industry (6)

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When looking at relative rates of promotion and attrition for women and men in healthcare, our research shows that women lose the most ground to men through external hiring. Women have slightly lower attrition than men at all levels (1 to 2 percent less), however women have 1 to 2 percent lower likelihood of being promoted to the next level (on average across all levels) and also maintain their underrepresentation in proportion of external hires.

(Video) Women leadership in the healthcare industry

Overall, while women represent 61 percent of external hires at the entry level, that number drops to 33 percent at the senior level and is lower at many levels than the existing level of women’s representation, further decreasing the representation of women leaders (Exhibit 7).

Women in the healthcare industry (7)

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Through our work with leading organizations, we have uncovered a set of drivers associated with external hiring. For example, in sourcing, women may represent a smaller proportion of the candidate hiring pool than men (for example, there are fewer women out there in senior-level roles). In applicant screening and interviews, women might be less likely to pass if a job requires continuous work experience or if an interviewer panel has no women on it. These are addressable issues, but it takes dedicated resources to remove both actual and perceived structural barriers.

Institutional barriers perpetuate biases in the system

As institutional barriers have persisted, they have embedded mind-sets and biases that may be creating additional challenges.

Despite being promoted at similar rates, women are more than twice as likely as men to reportthat their gender may have played a role in missing a raise, promotion, or chance to get ahead (18 percent of women, 7 percent of men). This follows findings of a recent Rock Health survey, where 86 percent of African American women reported race as a high barrier to career advancement, followed by 52 percent of Asian women, and 49 percent of Hispanic/Latino women. 5 A health-system-strategy executive said, “We tend to hire what’s similar [to ourselves], and when there is not a lot of diversity at the top, it’s hard to break through.”

We found that women and men cite different reasons for pursuing top leadership roles and perceive different expectations. For example, women are more motivated by an opportunity to become role models for other women (38 percent of women and 27 percent of men reported they are motivated to be “a role model for others like me”), whereas men tend to be slightly more financially driven (22 percent of women, 29 percent of men) and aspire to create impact for the company (59 percent of women,66 percent of men).

At a top five global biopharma company trying to foster diversity, the SVP and global head of HR noticed a difference in how women want to lead, “[We are] moving from command-and-control leadership to more collaborative and servant leadership ... this is what women are really good at and may feel like they are better able to lead in their own style ... to lead with purpose.” When asked, the divisional HR head shared, “I think there are [four] things [that hold women back from seeking promotions]—imposter syndrome; the feeling that if I work hard enough, I’ll get there; a lack of sponsors and mentors; and not being able to bring one’s full self to work.”

In our survey, the reasons women gave for not pursuing top leadership roles (broadly, VP and higher) also differ from those cited by men. Women tend to be less interested in senior executive roles than men (29 percent of women, 38 percent of men) and mention concerns about the pressure to deliver results 50 percent more often than men.

As the global executive from information solutions we interviewed put it, “Advancement is not always equated with success.... Some of the traditional senior-level roles just aren’t that attractive for women in terms of the expectations, the responsibilities.” On the other hand, nearly a third of both women and men balk at the prospect of office politics, and well over a quarter of both men and women consider the personal cost of advancement not worth the professional benefit.

Biases remain around belittling the importance of diversity. While 80 percent of employees believe gender diversity is a high priority for their company, 40 percent of people who do not believe it’s a high priority think that diversity deprioritizes individual performance. While this outlook is disappointing, it can be addressed by communicating the business case around diversity.

Impact of the daily work environment

Our research also revealed several critical themes about how the daily work environment impacts how it feels to be a woman in the healthcare industry.

Women are more likely to face microaggressions and incivility in the workplace. In healthcare, 61 percent of women we surveyed reported they experience microaggressions at work versus 49 percent of men. This difference between women’s and men’s experience was even bigger when we asked about incivilities: over 43 percent of women have experienced two or more instances of incivility in the workplace versus 30 percent of men.

Senior women and those in technical roles are more likely to be the only person of their gender in the room. On average, approximately 10 percent of both women and men across all roles often find themselves to be the only person of their gender in the room; however, the experience for women in senior roles (VP, SVP, and C-suite) and technical roles is drastically different. Senior women are nine times more likely than men to be the only person of their gender in the room (28 percent of women, 3 percent of men) and women in technical roles are roughly eight times more likely than men to be an “only” (39 percent of women, 5 percent of men). This is important because women “onlys” can face higher levels of scrutiny and pressure to perform. As a result, they often are more likely to think about leaving their jobs.

Part 3

Actions to take

(Video) Women in Healthcare Technology: What Is It Like?

The key to accelerating and having a greater impact at scale is two-fold. First, focus on the shifts that matter to your organization (for this you need real data as a starting point). Second, reframe your efforts against core actions (see six types of action highlighted in our Women in the Workplace research) that we know have an impact.

Of these six core actions, we want to focus on three in particular to address challenges faced by women in the healthcare industry: promotions and external hiring, inclusiveness training, and flexibility in the workplace.

Ensure promotions, evaluations, and external hiring processes are fair

To address promotion bottlenecks, identify and groom women within the organization to compete for senior positions; this form of sponsorship can be fostered through training. But this, in and of itself, is not sufficient. Unconscious bias can have a significant impact on who’s hired and promoted—and who’s not. It’s critical that companies put safeguards in place to reduce bias such as using automated résumé-screening tools, requiring diverse slates of candidates, and setting clear, consistent evaluation criteria before the process begins.

Furthermore, it’s important to track outcomes. Otherwise, it’s impossible for a company to know if it’s treating candidates fairly. Many companies track outcomes in hiring to check for gender bias, which is a good start. But far fewer track the compounding effect of gender and racial bias, which disadvantages women of color. And companies are far less likely to track bias in performance reviews—for example, to see if women’s communication styles are criticized more often than men’s—yet performance reviews play a major role in who gets promoted and who doesn’t.

One health system addressed this through “sustained intentionality” by proactively identifying women throughout their career and recommending them for high-profile committees to raise their visibility and leadership. Over the past ten years, this along with sending them to leadership development programs and supporting them with coaching and mentoring have doubled the percentage of women in leadership positions across the organization.

An alternative is to recruit women directly into leadership positions (or line roles), although this requires persistence and persuasion with external candidates. One way to close the gap is to consider hiring outside the industry—looking for exceptional talent with transferable skills. In the healthcare industry, examples include Jody Bilney, chief consumer officer for Humana, who previously had marketing-leadership roles in hospitality, software, financial services, and telecom; Karen L. Parkhill, CFO for Medtronic, who previously had a long career in the financial-services industry; and Bridgette Heller, who started her career in the food business before coming to healthcare and is now in consumer nutritionals at Danone.

Invest in training to create a more diverse and inclusive employee culture

Diversity and inclusion (D&I) training can help improve hiring, sponsorship, employee development, and raise awareness of the . Healthcare employees understand and support the value of D&I and feel that they know how to improve the workplace. However, managers don’t regularly address learning moments or role model key behaviors and mind-sets. By leveraging both formal and informal training opportunities, managers can help employees feel more confident in what to do and when. Training needs to do the following:

  • provide targeted unconscious-bias training and reminders for hiring managers as they select interview slates and make offer decisions
  • foster sponsorship and mentoring
  • recognize senior leaders who are spearheading D&I initiatives in their organizations and educate line managers on how to promote D&I within their teams
  • provide intensive professional development training to accelerate the career trajectories of high-potential women and underrepresented minorities
  • make managers aware of the signs and impact of microaggressions

Give employees the flexibility to fit work into their lives

Healthcare employers can support women throughout their organization—from those in entry-level jobs to those in top leadership positions—by offering flexible work arrangements. Flexible work benefits all employees but especially women.

As a clinical operations lead we interviewed said, “Some in the field believe we need to make flex programs the norm, as it is not part of the culture in clinical. They believe it’s holding women back from continuing on the clinical paths, and in many cases delaying their starting a family.” As the health-systems lead remarked, “Many of our physician groups are still 80-plus percent male, and work–life balance is a big reason for women not going into surgery.... Our physician community is changing; they want more work–life balance.”

For office-based roles, this may mean creating or enabling more options to combine work and family; any interventions here must derive from data that would put employers in a position to know what is happening and make provision for women’s needs before the situation becomes acute.

As the biotech strategy lead shared, “Women disproportionately bear the challenge of balancing family versus travel and long hours. Women often choose not to ask for flexibility even when it might be on offer. They often choose to invest in family over careers, when it’s not a zero-sum game.... Companies can be more progressive in offering benefits that resonate with women, such as extended maternity leave, childcare credits, [and] teleworking.”

The global executive we interviewed thought that employers should “support [the] concept of more flexible workers with internships and rotations.”

One global pharma company is experimenting with being more agnostic to the location of leadership roles to allow more flexibility and enable sustainability with family and other personal commitments.

We can and should be proud of the momentum of women in the healthcare industry. We must continue to highlight the success stories and spread best practices to accelerate recent gains. For areas that still lag, we must continue to remove barriers and address issues that matter with all employees in the industry.

(Video) Challenges faced by Women in the Healthcare Industry | Ms Upasana Arora, Ep - 105

The healthcare industry has an opportunity to lead in the next phase of establishing gender and racial equity. In taking the lead, it stands to benefit economically and socially. A more equitable workplace drives better innovation, performance, employee experiences, and patient outcomes.


Why is it important to have women in healthcare? ›

For women to have autonomy over their bodies and decision-making processes, donors and policy-makers must ensure that they have access to quality healthcare services. Providing women and girls with better access to healthcare is important to build resilience for future crisis.

What are some facts about women in healthcare? ›

Women make up almost 70% of the global health workforce and contribute over $3 trillion to global health each year. Yet the health systems they work for aren't set up to support their own health and well-being. Women earn less income than men and don't have an equal stake in decision making.

What are the barriers to women in healthcare? ›

Inadequate education, research, and treatment is just one of the many, huge barriers that women face in the healthcare system. Another one being affordability and accessibility.

What is the role of women in the medical field? ›

Women are the primary consumers and decision makers in the healthcare market, and they make up almost 50 percent of the workforce: much of their advancement and leadership in the field rests on those facts.

What is the most important issue in women's health? ›

1. Heart disease. Heart disease is the No. 1 cause of death for women.

What is the most important aspect of women's health? ›

One of the most important aspects of women's health is reproductive health. Each month, your body goes through a complete hormone cycle, so when something is off or is unbalanced, it affects your entire life, whether you realize it or not.

Why is women's health an issue? ›

Being a man or a woman has a significant impact on health, as a result of both biological and gender-related differences. The health of women and girls is of particular concern because, in many societies, they are disadvantaged by discrimination rooted in sociocultural factors.

Why do women use more healthcare than men? ›

Numerous studies have found that women spend significantly more on healthcare than men over their lifetimes. A big reason women spend more is longevity: U.S. women have a life expectancy of 81 while men have a life expectancy of 76.1 That gives them an average five extra years to rack up medical bills.

Why is women's health more important than men's? ›

Women spend about 15 percent of their lives in unhealthy conditions, compared with about 12 percent for men. Thus, they carry a heavier disease burden than men, and, given their crucial role in the health of their spouses and children, this burden is shared by many.

What are the challenges faced by women in the health sector? ›

According to Desai et al19 and Hong Lu et al,20 women in health fields face challenges related to poor work environments, which include unequal pay, unsatisfactory working conditions, limited opportunities for career advancement, work-related stress and unfavorable policies that promote patriarchy.

What are the factors that affect women's health status? ›

Negative life experiences – infertility and perinatal loss, poverty, discrimination, violence, unemployment and isolation – also impact on women's mental health and wellbeing. Unequal economic and social conditions also contribute to women's higher risk of depression.

What are challenges faced by women? ›

If we talk about Today's scenario, many women are still facing the issues like gender discrimination, sexual abuse and harassment, education, child marriage, and what not? Women are elevated to the position of goddesses in India.

What are the four important roles of women? ›

The Global Role of Women – Caretakers, Conscience, Farmers, Educators and Entrepreneurs. Throughout history, the central role of women in society has ensured the stability, progress and long-term development of nations.

What leadership qualities are important for women in healthcare? ›

Among the qualities identified by the Journal of Healthcare Leadership in effective team leaders are decisiveness, the ability to motivate others, encouraging their contributions, and managing the performance of team members and the team as a whole.

Are women underrepresented in the medical field? ›

Women remain underrepresented in preclinical and clinical medicine, not only as health care practitioners but also as patients. They are less likely to be included in clinical trials and are often undertreated. Urgent measures are needed to close this gender gap.

What can be done to improve women's health? ›

Steps for Maintaining and Improving Women's Health
  • See your doctor for annual exams and screenings for cancer, including pap smears and mammograms.
  • Make sure you provide your body with the nutrition it needs. “We live in a very toxic world,” says Dr. ...
  • Manage your stress. ...
  • Engage in regular exercise.

Why is it important to address women's health issues? ›

Why is women's health so important? Women represent the cornerstone of a family's overall health, ensuring they have access to quality care also can lead to improved health for children and families. The health of families and communities are no doubt, tied to the health of women.

What is women's health Empowerment? ›

The most common domains of women empowerment in reproductive health that had been measured were: freedom from coercion, decision-making, communication with the partner, choice, control, autonomy, and ability to negotiate.

Are women more likely to access healthcare? ›

Overall, women have more connections to the health care system than men. Higher shares of women than men report having a usual source of care and a visit to a health provider in the past two years. Women are slightly more likely than men to report having a regular place of care (84% vs.

Do men or women have better access to healthcare? ›

Women less frequently reported hospital admissions (27.5%) compared with men (29.4%), as well as fewer outpatient surgeries (women 23.5% vs. men 25.5%), although women were more likely than men to receive home healthcare (women 7.7% vs. men 6.2%).

What is an example of sexism in healthcare? ›

Examples of other patronizing, gender-stereotyping comments from patients include calling female doctors “honey” or “sweetie,” viewing young female physicians as inexperienced, asking intrusive personal questions, and tacitly presuming men are physicians.

What is inequality in healthcare gender? ›

Gender health inequality means having unequal access or opportunity to access healthcare services and treatment due to your sex or gender, leading to poorer health outcomes. There are many other factors that can make someone more susceptible to inequalities in healthcare.

How does gender affect healthcare? ›

Gender bias creates dangers in medical treatment. When both genders are not offered equal quality treatment and care for the same medical complaints or when different manifestations of disease are not considered based on sex, we can expect patient outcomes to suffer.

Why is womens health neglected? ›

Research into women's health has suffered from historical neglect and lack of funding. This is reflected in, for example, the bias against women's experiences in the medical field and the lack of inclusion of the female sex in preclinical and clinical studies.

What are three major health issues facing women today? ›

Even so, women bear exclusive health concerns, such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, menopause, and pregnancy.

What are the three biggest issues in healthcare today? ›

5 Current Issues in Health Care and What Administrators Can Do
  • The High Cost of Health Care. The problem: Perhaps the most pressing issue in health care currently is the high cost of care. ...
  • The Concerns of Health Equity. ...
  • The Promise (and Pitfalls) of Technology. ...
  • The Move Toward Value-Based Care. ...
  • The Growing Provider Shortage.
Oct 23, 2022

What are the top 5 barriers or challenges faced by female team members? ›

  • 6 obstacles for women in top management: what constrains the development of women in IT? Part 1. ...
  • Economic Barriers. ...
  • Corporate Stereotype. ...
  • Psychological Barriers. ...
  • Prejudices and stereotypes. ...
  • Inner Barriers and Social Boundaries. ...
  • Limits of Competence.

What is the biggest threat to women's rights in today's society? ›

Today, gender bias continues to create huge barriers for many women. Ongoing struggles include ensuring equal economic opportunities, educational equity, and an end to gender-based violence.

Why is women equality important? ›

Gender equality prevents violence against women and girls. It's essential for economic prosperity. Societies that value women and men as equal are safer and healthier. Gender equality is a human right.

Why do we need women empowerment? ›

Empowering women is essential to the health and social development of families, communities and countries. When women are living safe, fulfilled and productive lives, they can reach their full potential. contributing their skills to the workforce and can raise happier and healthier children.

What was the role of women as industry increased? ›

The new role of women was to transform the home into a haven for the men who faced daily pressures and dangers in the work place. At the same time, women were morally responsible for raising dutiful children, preferably sons.

What is the impact of women empowerment? ›

There is evidence of strong positive links between women's economic empowerment and foundational health outcomes for women and their families, including beneficial effects on nutrition, family planning, maternal mortality, and child mortality.

What are women's priorities? ›

Self-care and self-love. Happy women care about their appearance and health. They often dedicate time to getting exercise, eating a healthy diet, and taking care of their skin. Self-care is a key part of maintaining happiness, and happy women are always looking for ways to improve their wellbeing.

What makes a successful woman leader? ›

“Women make great leaders because they have an innate ability to dream big, challenge assumptions and inspire teams — and they know how to translate big ideas into concrete action and results.”

What do you think is the most significant barrier to female leadership? ›

Sexual harassment, hostile work environments and subtle biases are still obstacles. Women of color face even further obstacles to their advancement and, as a result, are even less likely to move into leadership roles. Balancing work and family can be a challenge that limits women from seeking leadership roles.

How can we support women's leadership? ›

Sign up for our Newsletter
  1. Start young. ...
  2. Increase agency among women within their existing context. ...
  3. Promote workplace policies that enable women to thrive. ...
  4. Building skills of the female labour force. ...
  5. Recruit women for leadership roles.
Mar 3, 2022

Is women's work undervalued? ›

The researchers assessed the career records of around 30,000 employees and found that women were 14% less likely to be promoted than men. When they explored why this was, it emerged that the leadership potential of female employees was consistently under-valued compared to men.

What have women contributed to healthcare? ›

Women have always been central to the history of health and medicine. They have been doctors, nurses, midwives, activists, and public health experts. Women have worked to heal patients, study diseases, and improve access to health care. We honor the service of all health care workers.

Is there a lack of diversity in healthcare? ›

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Only 22.2% of Black adults reported being of the same race as their healthcare providers compared to 73.8% of White adults. Only 23.1% of Hispanic/Latinx adults reported racial, ethnic, and language concordance with their usual healthcare provider.

Why has women's health become a matter of concern? ›

It has contributed to 19 % of maternal deaths Abortions are major manse of maternal morbidity and mortality in India. All these statistics present a grim picture of women health in India and are a cause of concern Because of poor health.

What is the importance of gender equality in health care? ›

GENDER EQUALITY in health means that women and men have equal opportunities for realizing their full rights and potential to be healthy, contribute to health develop- ment, and benefit from the results.

Why is gender equity important in healthcare? ›

A gender-sensitive approach to health service provision is essential because women and men use healthcare services differently. Men and women have different health needs and different health seeking behaviours.

How does feminism affect healthcare? ›

Health inequities are one of the central problems in public health ethics; a feminist approach leads us to examine not only the connections between gender, disadvantage, and health, but also the distribution of power in the processes of public health, from policy making through to programme delivery.

How can we improve women's health? ›

To improve women's health, we need to address issues related to reproductive health, maternal deaths, malnutrition and noncommunicable diseases; through quality and affordable health services under universal health coverage.

Are women's health issues underfunded? ›

In fact, in nearly three-quarters of cases where a disease primarily affects one gender, the so-called “men's diseases” are overfunded, while the “women's diseases” are dramatically underfunded.

What is a difference in women's health compared to men's health? ›

Men are more likely to have heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, whereas women are more likely to have arthritis and depression, and there is considerable variation between countries in the differences between the sexes.

What is the gender issue in healthcare? ›

Gender bias in healthcare is an intersectional issue

Weight bias in healthcare has become a topic of greater study in recent years, and further study has shown that this, too, is more likely to affect women than men. This can lead to misdiagnosis as well as mental stress (and even eating disorders) for patients.

How can we promote gender equality in healthcare? ›

Research, interventions, health system reforms, health education, health outreach, and health policies and programmes should all incorporate a gender perspective to account for the specific needs of men and women and boys and girls. Ideas about gender are socially constructed and constantly changing.

How can we solve gender inequality in health care? ›

5 ways to target medicine's gender inequities
  1. Diversify the workforce. Physicians should look more like the population they serve. ...
  2. Understand why inequities happen. ...
  3. Examine whose voices are heard. ...
  4. Stress that change is a win-win. ...
  5. Adopt a preventive mindset.
Sep 16, 2019

Does gender play a role in healthcare? ›

Gender has implications for health across the course of every person's life. Gender can influence a person's experiences of crises and emergency situations, their exposure to diseases and their access to healthcare, water, hygiene and sanitation. Gender inequality disproportionately affects women and girls.

How does gender inequality affect women's health? ›

Gender inequality continues to have a negative impact on many health outcomes. Gender-related power imbalances contribute to excess female mortality across the life cycle, and harmful gender norms affect men and boys by encouraging risk-taking and limiting health-seeking behaviors.

What are three reasons why gender equality is important? ›

Gender equality prevents violence against women and girls. It's essential for economic prosperity. Societies that value women and men as equal are safer and healthier. Gender equality is a human right.


1. Bureau of Labor Statistics: More women leaving the healthcare industry
(FOX 13 News Utah)
2. Why Medicine Often Has Dangerous Side Effects for Women | Alyson McGregor | TED Talks
3. Why More Women Prefer Healthcare As Their Desired Job Industry
4. Women leadership in the healthcare industry
(Healthcare Radius)
5. Meet The Next Billion Dollar Start-Up That's Revolutionizing Nurse Staffing | Forbes
6. NASSCOM Women Product Champions Summit | Women disrupting the healthcare industry
(NASSCOM Product)
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